Ayat Allah Studies January 19, 2018
Jumada Al-Awwal 2, 1439
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In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful:

1. Who is considered to be the "father" of pure and true monotheistic religion in the Islamic world?

As translated by A. Yusuf Ali, the Noble Qur'an says: "Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to God, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in faith? For God did take Abraham for a friend." An-Nisa 4:125

As translated by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Halali and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan, both of Saudi Arabia, the Noble Qur'an says: "And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism); and he is a Muhsin (a good-doer), and follows the religion of Ibrahim (Abraham) Hanif (Islamic Monotheism--to worship none but Allah alone). And Allah did take Ibrahim (Abraham) as Khalil (an intimate friend)!"

2. Why was Abraham called Hanif?

The Noble Qur'an says: "Abraham was indeed a model, devoutly obedient to God, (and) true in faith, and he joined not gods with God." Nahl 16:120. "Behold, he approached his Lord with a sound heart." Saffat 37:84

Note: In his early life, Abraham rejected worship of heavenly bodies (Al-An'am 6:75-79), argued with his father and people against idolatry (Maryam 19:41-50; Al-anbiya 21:51-71). When God called him saying, "Get out of your country, from your kindred and from your father's house, to a land that I will show you," Abraham obeyed and departed. Genesis 12:1, 4. His only assurance was God's promise: I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing." Verse5. "I will make you an Imam to the Nations." Al-Baqarah 2:124.

3. What did Abraham resolve to himself and preach to his People that serve as the cornerstone of his religion?

The Noble Qur'an says: "For me, I have set my face, firmly and truly, towards Him Who create the heavens and the earth, and never shall I give partners to God…. You (come) to dispute with me, about God, when He (Himself) has guided me? I fear not (the beings) you Associate with God: unless my Lord wills, (nothing can happen). My Lord comprehends in His knowledge all things." Al-Ma'idah 6:79-83.

"Behold! His Lord said to him: 'Bow (thy will to Me):' He said: 'I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of the Universe." Al- Baqarah 2:31.

"Do you then see whom you have been worshipping,- - you and your fathers before you? For they are enemies to me; not so the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds; who created me, and it is He who guides me; who gives me food and drink, and when I am ill, it is He who cures me; who will cause me to die, and then to live (again); and who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the Day of Judgment." Nahl 16:75-82.

Note: Abraham's religion was founded on two pairs of divine principles, Namely: the Tauhid (Oneness of God) and Ibadah (God alone is worthy of worship), Al-Qadar (divine preordainments- meaning whatever God has ordained must come to pass) and Islam (complete submission To the will of God).

4. Based on these divine principles, what was the essence or nature of Abraham's relationship with God? Did he win God's friendship or become righteous by trying to be good and do good works?

The Holy Scriptures say: "And the Scriptures was fulfilled which says, 'Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.' And he was called the friend of God." James 2:23,24. "And he (Abraham) received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all those who believed, though they are uncircumcised, that righteousness might be imputed to them also, and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham had while still uncircumcised." Romans 4:11, 12.

Note: The essence of the Al Hanif's spiritual life is God's righteousness by faith. As the Al Hanif submits himself by faith completely to God, he receives from God His takqua (righteousness) and he is pronounced muttaqeen. God's takqua is imputed or bestowed as a free gift, rather than earned or attained through good works. "O you Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But the raiment of righteousness, that is the best." A'raf 7:26. "But to those who receive Guidance, He increases the (light of) Guidance, and bestows on them their Piety and Restraint (from evil)." Muhammad 47:17.

5. What is expected of Al Hanif Muslim believers? Can the People of the Book (Jews and Christians) become Al Hanif believers too?

The Noble Qur'an says: "You are the best of Peoples evolved for mankind, Enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in God. If Only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them Are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors." Al-I-Imran 3:110.

"Not all of them are alike: Of the People of the Book are a portion that stand (right the right); they rehearse the Signs of God all night long, and they prostrate themselves in adoration. They believe in God and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right, and forbid what is wrong; and they hasten (in emulation) in (all) good works: they are in the ranks of the righteous. Of the good that they do, nothing will be rejected of them; for God knows well those that do right." Verses 113-115.

6. How is Al Hanif's Islamic movement pictured in prophecy? In these last days of earth's history, what is their message to the dying world?

The Holy Scriptures say: "Then I (John) saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth-to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people-saying with a loud voice, 'Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water." Revelation 14:6,7.

7. What is Allah's final call to Abraham's children?

The Noble Qur'an (as translated by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan) says: "And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim except him who befools himself? Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous." "And they say, 'Be Jews or Christians, then you will be guided.' Say (to them O Muhammad), 'Nay, (we follow) only the Religion of Ibrahim, Hanif…." Al-Baqarah 2:130,135.

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