In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful:
1. Who is considered to be the "father" of pure and true monotheistic religion in the Islamic world?
As translated by A. Yusuf Ali, the Noble Qur'an says:
"Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole
self to God, does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true
in faith? For God did take Abraham for a friend." An-Nisa
As translated by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Halali and
Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan, both of Saudi Arabia, the Noble Qur'an
says: "And who can be better in religion than one who
submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e.
follows Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism); and he is
a Muhsin (a good-doer), and follows the religion
of Ibrahim (Abraham) Hanif (Islamic Monotheism--to
worship none but Allah alone). And Allah did take Ibrahim
(Abraham) as Khalil (an intimate friend)!"
2. Why was Abraham called Hanif?
The Noble Qur'an says: "Abraham was indeed a model,
devoutly obedient to God, (and) true in faith, and he joined
not gods with God." Nahl 16:120. "Behold, he approached
his Lord with a sound heart." Saffat 37:84
Note: In his early life, Abraham rejected worship of
heavenly bodies (Al-An'am 6:75-79), argued with his father
and people against idolatry (Maryam 19:41-50; Al-anbiya 21:51-71).
When God called him saying, "Get out of your country, from
your kindred and from your father's house, to a land that I will
show you," Abraham obeyed and departed. Genesis 12:1, 4.
His only assurance was God's promise: I will make you a great
nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall
be a blessing." Verse5. "I will make you an Imam to
the Nations." Al-Baqarah 2:124.
3. What did Abraham resolve to himself and preach to his
People that serve as the cornerstone of his religion?
The Noble Qur'an says: "For me, I have set my face,
firmly and truly, towards Him Who create the heavens and the earth,
and never shall I give partners to God
. You (come)
to dispute with me, about God, when He (Himself) has guided
me? I fear not (the beings) you Associate with God: unless
my Lord wills, (nothing can happen). My Lord comprehends
in His knowledge all things." Al-Ma'idah 6:79-83.
"Behold! His Lord said to him: 'Bow (thy will to Me):'
He said: 'I bow (my will) to the Lord and Cherisher of
the Universe." Al- Baqarah 2:31.
"Do you then see whom you have been worshipping,- - you
and your fathers before you? For they are enemies to me; not so
the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds; who created me, and it is
He who guides me; who gives me food and drink, and when I am ill,
it is He who cures me; who will cause me to die, and then to live
(again); and who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on
the Day of Judgment." Nahl 16:75-82.
Note: Abraham's religion was founded on two pairs of
divine principles, Namely: the Tauhid (Oneness of God)
and Ibadah (God alone is worthy of worship), Al-Qadar (divine
preordainments- meaning whatever God has ordained must come to
pass) and Islam (complete submission To the will of God).
4. Based on these divine principles, what was the essence
or nature of Abraham's relationship with God? Did he win God's
friendship or become righteous by trying to be good and do good
The Holy Scriptures say: "And the Scriptures was
fulfilled which says, 'Abraham believed God, and it was accounted
to him for righteousness.' And he was called the friend of God."
James 2:23,24. "And he (Abraham) received the sign
of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which
he had while still uncircumcised, that he might be the father
of all those who believed, though they are uncircumcised, that
righteousness might be imputed to them also, and the father of
circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but
who also walk in the steps of the faith which our father Abraham
had while still uncircumcised." Romans 4:11, 12.
Note: The essence of the Al Hanif's spiritual life is
God's righteousness by faith. As the Al Hanif submits himself
by faith completely to God, he receives from God His takqua (righteousness)
and he is pronounced muttaqeen. God's takqua is imputed or bestowed
as a free gift, rather than earned or attained through good works.
"O you Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you
to cover your shame, as well as to be an adornment to you. But
the raiment of righteousness, that is the best." A'raf 7:26.
"But to those who receive Guidance, He increases the (light
of) Guidance, and bestows on them their Piety and Restraint (from
evil)." Muhammad 47:17.
5. What is expected of Al Hanif Muslim believers? Can the
People of the Book (Jews and Christians) become Al Hanif
The Noble Qur'an says: "You are the best of Peoples
evolved for mankind, Enjoining what is right, forbidding what
is wrong, and believing in God. If Only the People of the Book
had faith, it were best for them: among them Are some who have
faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors." Al-I-Imran
"Not all of them are alike: Of the People of the Book
are a portion that stand (right the right); they rehearse
the Signs of God all night long, and they prostrate themselves
in adoration. They believe in God and the Last Day; they enjoin
what is right, and forbid what is wrong; and they hasten (in
emulation) in (all) good works: they are in the ranks
of the righteous. Of the good that they do, nothing will be rejected
of them; for God knows well those that do right." Verses
6. How is Al Hanif's Islamic movement pictured in prophecy?
In these last days of earth's history, what is their message
to the dying world?
The Holy Scriptures say: "Then I (John)
saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting
gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth-to every nation,
tribe, tongue, and people-saying with a loud voice, 'Fear God
and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come;
and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs
of water." Revelation 14:6,7.
7. What is Allah's final call to Abraham's children?
The Noble Qur'an (as translated by Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din
Al-Hilali and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan) says: "And
who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim except him who befools
himself? Truly, We chose him in this world and verily, in the
Hereafter he will be among the righteous." "And they
say, 'Be Jews or Christians, then you will be guided.' Say (to
them O Muhammad), 'Nay, (we follow) only the Religion
of Ibrahim, Hanif
." Al-Baqarah 2:130,135.